During dental check-ups the doctor will examine or check the teeth and gums and look for any symptoms of tooth decay, or gum disease called gingivitis or any other symptoms.
If the teeth appear yellow with some deposition in the gum line then the dentist will do the cleaning by scraping the teeth by scalpel by which tartar will be removed .These tartars get deposited due to bad dental hygiene over a period of time. The dentist will then add the flossing material over it to make the teeth shiny.Sometimes the dentist may take an X-Ray to check the internal condition of the teeth.If an underlying decay or cavity is detected then the cavity is filled with some sealing materials to prevent any further bacterial damage by getting stuck in the chewing surface on the teeth.It also protects teeth from plaque.Dr. Nozaki who practices at Image Dental,CA says that application of fluoride gel in the form of toothpaste is necessary after a cavity filling which helps reducing the sensitivity after a cavity filling but after a due course of 7-10 days one should resume back with his/her normal toothpaste.
Sometimes if a person is susceptible to infections then antibiotics can be given but these are advised only in certain conditions.If the dentist sees any decays or gum disease he may also ask you to make some diet changes like reducing the amount of sweet foods.Or he may ask you to brush your teeth immediately after having sweet foods like pastry,chocolates etc.Brushing the teeth twice daily may be advised. Brushing the teeth before going to bed should be made a practice.Now the question arises how often should one visit a doctor for dental check-up.The answer is that it depends on the condition of the tooth.If you have any problem like toothache or sensitivity you should not delay in visiting the doctor and after that the doctor will decide for the next appointment and the procedure.On the other hand if you don’t have any symptoms then make a first appointment and then the next date will be decided by the doctor.Kids also should have regular dental check-ups as they are more prone to tooth decay and cavities as they eat more of chocolates and sweetened food items.Also they are very casual about the dental hygiene so before it becomes late the parents should have their kid’s teeth examined by a dentist at regular intervals.